Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Translation and Explanation of Surah Al-Inshirah








Surah Al-Inshirah or Ash-Sharh is a Makki surah, which is comprised of eight verses/ayats and twenty-seven words.

Like Surah Ad-Duha, this surah also addresses the Prophet (SAW). It is one of the surahs of the Quran which is most rich in loving and appreciating the Messenger of Allah (SAW). Similarly, like surah Ad-Duha, this surah also contains advice to the Messenger (SAW) and in extension to the believers. 


In Surah Ad-Duha, Allah told the Prophet (SAW) the future is getting better for you, in this surah the Prophet (SAW) is being told that the future is also getting easier for you. Sometimes what is better for us, good for us, is not always easy, but Allah is guaranteeing that what is better for the Messenger (SAW) is also going to be easier for him. 



1- 'أَلَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَكَ صَدْرَكَ

Did We not expand for you, [O Muhammad], your breast?

Did We not expand for you, [O Muhammad], your breast?' meaning, of course, Allah did that. 

'Shar sadur' means when the heart or the person understands something. When the chest becomes vast enough to comprehend something and let it settle into the heart. Moreover, it includes that a person also accepts the understood concept and is at ease with it. So didn't Allah (SWT) made our chests comprehend, understand and be at ease with the command of Allah - the laws that He has revealed and the things He has decreed in a person's life. 


This is very true as the Prophet (SAW) was able to accept the extremely difficult circumstances sent his way. He was a source of strength for the people around him. Furthermore, in the context of the laws sent, some find the obligatory practices hard to perform, but for the Prophet (SAW) the salah was the coolness of his eyes. It was all made possible by Allah (SWT).



2-3-  وَوَضَعْنَا عَنكَ وِزْرَكَ

And We removed from you your burden

الَّذِي أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ

Which had weighed upon your back

'Wizr' is a heavy burden, but it is also used for sin and a responsibility.

Some say the 'wizr' refers to sin. That Allah (SWT) removed all the sins of the Prophet Muhammad (SWT). The Prophets of Allah did not sin, but for the Prophets, sin refers to what is unacceptable given the status that they have. This could also imply that the higher the person has a position, the more is expected out of him. For example, a person who has knowledge compared to someone with no knowledge. If the person who has no knowledge does not pray, he is doing wrong. But if the person who has knowledge does not pray, he is doing a greater sin. 


Some say that 'wizr' is the burden of lack of knowledge. So Allah removed the burden of lack of knowledge of the Prophet (SWT) by giving him knowledge. Having knowledge of something makes one free of confusion and unsure.


'Wizr' also refers to the heaviness of the responsibility given to the Prophet (SAW), which was very heavy on him in the beginning of his Prophethood. Initially, he (SAW) found it difficult to convey the message of Islam to so many people, but Allah made it gradually easy for him (SAW).



4- 
وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ

And raised high for you your repute.

This means that Allah granted the Messenger (SAW) fame and a good name. How? the Prophet (SAW)'s name is mentioned in every salah and azaan, and there is always a part of the world where salah is being performed or azaan is being given. Moreover, every time a believer is following a ritual, a religious practice, he is following the example of the Prophet (SAW), the instructions and teachings of the Prophet (SAW).


5-6- 
فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا

For indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.

إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا

Indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.

The use of the words 'al-osar' and 'osar' imply that there is one difficulty, but many ease. There might be one challenge, but Allah (SWT) creates ease of different types in different ways. If we think about it, most of the times there is ease - we are not ill most of the times. When we have one problem, we have many sources of ease spontaneously, but we always focus on that one problem and don't mention all the blessings Allah has given. 

In Makkah the Prophet (SAW) came across many problems, but he also had ease as there were people accepting Islam. 



7- 
فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانصَبْ

So when you have finished [your duties], then stand up [for worship].

When we have finished something, we should busy ourselves with something. 

A believer should never sit idle. If he has finished a task related to the dunya, his temporary life, he should exert himself with a task related to the akhirah. 


This does not mean that a person never relaxes, no, it means that even when the believer is taking a break, he is being productive. 


If you are tired after performing a physical activity like cleaning or standing too long, when you take a break and sit down, busy yourself with dhikr on your lips. If you are tired of reading too long, close your eyes and listen to a beneficial lecture or reminder. (You can find my favorite ones here). If you are sitting with your family, relaxing, talking to them about beneficial things like the meaning of Allah (SWT)'s name or benefits of specific dhikr. 


Even if you are about to take a nap, follow the sunnah of sleeping, and your sleep will also become an ibadah/ an act of worship! 


The point is that a believer never wastes his time. A believer knows that his time in this world is limited, that the next minute or second is not guaranteed. 


When a person will sit empty, or idle, his mind will wander towards negativity. He will brood over his hardships and he will compare himself to others or will start thinking about the actions of others. The brain never takes a break, it is constantly working, so when it is working, we need to occupy it with good stuff. When a believer is continuously engaged in productive and positive tasks, his mind will be full of positive thoughts. 



8- 
وَإِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَارْغَب

And to your Lord direct [your] longing.

Pay your attention to your Lord, direct your mind to the Lord. 

After you have gotten free from your task, occupy your mind with the mention of your Lord, do dhikr, make dua. There are so many dhirkr we can do within one minute.


If we think about it, if we're always engaged in the dhikr of Allah, we are inclined to do good deeds. 


Our purpose of life is to worship Allah, therefore every moment we spend without remembering Allah, without worshipping Him is a waste of life. 


Moreover, when we are distressed, we should ask Allah for help, as He is the Lord. 

Sunday, July 2, 2017

Monday Reminders #23



























A believer should never sit idle. If he has finished a task related to the dunya, his temporary life, he should exert himself with a task related to the akhirah

This does not mean that a person never relaxes, no, it means that even when the believer is taking a break, he is being productive. 

If you are tired after performing a physical activity like cleaning or standing too long, when you take a break and sit down, busy yourself with dhikr on your lips. If you are tired of reading too long, close your eyes and listen to a beneficial lecture or reminder. (You can find my favorite ones here). If you are sitting with your family, relaxing, talk to them about beneficial things like the meaning of Allah (SWT)'s names or benefits of specific adhkaar

Even if you are about to take a nap, follow the sunnah of sleeping, and your sleep will also become an ibadah/ an act of worship! 

The point is that a believer never wastes his time. A believer knows that his time in this world is limited, that the next minute or second is not guaranteed. 

When a person will sit empty, or idle, his mind will wander towards negativity. He will brood over his hardships and he will compare himself to others or will start thinking about the actions of others. The brain never takes a break, it is constantly working, so when it is working, we need to occupy it with good stuff. When a believer is continuously engaged in productive and positive tasks, his mind will be full of positive thoughts.